The need for the competition system must be based on innovative, modern, and more effective initiatives than the current traditional method, the application of which leads to the faltering of sector projects. The study offered successful examples of the UK's the procurement system for the United Kingdom's construction sector, the role played by suppliers and manufacturers of products to collaborate and make it succeed.
This was accomplished by analysing two typical cases at the Ford Research and Innovation Centre. The study also highlighted the importance of some factors in the integration of Parties at the beginning of a project. It stated that, through coordination among these parties, there is considerable potential for using the expertise and knowledge of suppliers and manufacturers to achieve effective planning, implementation, and delivery of the entire project.
Kymmell reported the application of a building information model BIM , three-dimensional design and management of construction projects.
He recommended the use of modern techniques and software in the management and planning of construction and construction projects. The model is one of the most common techniques, linking the information of engineering and professional offices and contractors to the industry and construction suppliers for all construction activities. This was applied to coordinate among themselves and select construction materials and specifications and to rationalise energy and non-waste.
One of the most notable features of the model is that it makes the design process more transparent, because it is a three-dimensional model that shows what has been achieved and what has been overlooked in project design and error detection.
2. Cheap and easy to use
It keeps the designer and manufacturer on one track, so that design requirements are integrated with manufacturing data, and link planning activities with design and construction as a single integrated system, and within a short and cost-saving time period. This way referred to as the relationship between the problems of the construction sector, construction process and some physical policies relating to construction requirements, town planning, horizontal expansion, increases in altitude and white land.
The application of some of these policies can lead to delayed decision-making and the late issuance of permits.
The absence of an active role for local governance, thus leading to the swelling of cities, inability to meet their infrastructural needs, and weakening of the role of small and medium cities as a partner in the operation of the National Urban strategy. It represents the national level of spatial development planning, which aims to create comprehensive and balanced urban development, as well as mechanisms to achieve its objectives and translate them into realistic programmes and projects.
The study showed that the role of local administrations in adopting the operational policies of the national urban strategy lacks much effectiveness, and that there was a lack of managerial expertise and competencies, because of the absence of advanced local management tools, methods, and approaches.
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Through that field study, the experiences of the Arab and global-local administration Egypt and France were evaluated to draw the most relevant lessons for application of a proper system. The study confirmed the weak and inefficient local administrative base, the low level of human capacity and the material potential of municipalities, as well as the underutilisation of an E-government concept and information system applications.
The criteria for the selection of some of those states were based on their predecessors and leadership in addressing the problems of the construction and construction sector, and their history of successful experiments, while others were chosen because of similarities to the conditions of SCI. Therefore, the experience of the United Kingdom, Malaysia, and Turkey were selected for this research. The UK's construction sector accounts for 6.
To solve the problems of the sector, a Construction Industry Board CIB , which oversees and regulates the sector, was established.
The Board is required to produce, review, and publish performance indicators on a regular basis, representing all professionals, research institutions, and private business alliances in the CL The CIB represents a sector with more than , professionals, 2, consulting construction companies and 30 professional bodies specializing in construction Langston and Min, Pettinger and Tejvan, The Green Building Board checks compliance with the restrictions on building specifications in accordance with green building regulations.
On the other hand, the board produces price indices for the construction sector and estimates the growth rates of its sub-sectors. The fluctuation and stagnation in the UK's construction sector are due to a range of reasons, the most important of which are:. The UK Government has therefore benefited from these indicators to pay attention to the construction sector in its plan for the future and has approved its construction sector strategy since mid The UK Government believes that it does not get the full value and yield of its spending on public enterprises and there is a lot of waste, extravagance and improper preparation in the construction sector.
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This has led the state to adopt a strategy aimed at changing the way in which government agencies work with the construction industry so that they obtain good offers to implement public projects in a more effective manner. These efforts have had a successful impact on the development of the sector, with the British Government Council issuing its first year of strategy for the development of the "one year on". In human resources, the United Kingdom plans to reduce population growth resulting from an increase in foreign employment, with a population of over 70 million in There is a heated debate among officials about the reduction of the number of foreign workers in the state.
The British Minister of Immigration sees an imbalance in the external migration balance, with several British migrants in Europe less than the number of foreigners migrating to Britain Office for National Statistics, Paton, This imbalance is one of the problems in the construction sector and is debated in the British Parliament to design policies to curb and codify foreign labour. Technically, to withstand pressure from the EU, the UK has developed sustainability strategies in the construction sector to reduce thermal emissions, especially from government buildings, according to an ambitious plan to reach zero C02 emissions by the end of U.
Cabinet Office, Design and engineering methods for buildings have been developed, consistent with the capacity of the contracting sector to adopt modern building systems. Studies carried out over the past 50 years have shown that only the contracting sector has not developed technically, its productivity has decreased, and its cost increased.
Its vision stems from the fact that it is a strategically important board as a regulator and servant of the Cl in Malaysia. Its strong vision is that Malaysia's Cl in ranks highly amongst its counterparts in the world. The industry improvement is based on three things: paving the role for sector operators to enter modern technologies, using development programs to improve the quality of construction and competitiveness, and encouraging contractors to enter the world market.
A group of federations in the sector, such as the Federation of the two main construction institutions in Malaysia, was founded in , i. Master Builder, the union of real estate and housing developers Riredha founded in and The Ministry of Works Malaysia In , there were about 50 Malaysian official companies registered on the Malaysia stock Exchange in Kuala Lumpur. Along with engineering and technical offices and construction materials manufacturers, it helps to drive the Malaysian economy.
Malaysia has succeeded in encouraging medium-sized and small companies, where they have become predominant.printcrm.ru/wp-content/123-hydroxychloroquine-et-chloroquine.php
Development of the Sudanese Construction Industry SCI using Dynamic Modeling
In addition to encouraging the distribution of income to the population growth of the middle class. Malaysia relies heavily on foreign employment in the construction sector, both formal and informal, as it faces the problem of the lack of involvement of national labour in the sector because of low wages, society's negative perception of those professions, and their arduous occupations Binti Saleh and Osman The total labour force in Malaysia in was about 12 million workers, of whom about , were employed in the construction sector, representing a ratio of 6.
In , however, the proportion fell to 6.
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There is a strong correlation between the contributions of the construction industry with the economic growth in Malaysia. Its share to GDP has been consistently on the rise since as shown in Figure 2. There is also a positive correlation between the growth in GDP and the growth in the construction industry.
There is a direct relationship between construction output and national output where the construction output grows more rapidly than national output when the economy grows and vice versa Turin, Malaysia has entered the field of building techniques early, as it competes with Asian neighbours, such as Taiwan and Korea, to become one of the largest industrialised countries. Malaysia has a vision that will be established in It is a clear and ambitious vision based on the restructuring of the industrial sector and investment in human resources and has therefore created many technical cities.
The Malaysian Technical Development Foundation Malaysian Technology Development Corporation MTDC provides capital to companies wishing to invest in Malaysia, as well as encouraging Malaysian companies specializing in modern technologies to provide financial support and make them more competitive. Although Malaysia has progressed much in the field of modern industry techniques, it focuses more on industries and techniques for producing building materials that enables it to compete in the international market and occupy its prestigious position in this field Lim, Flamid, There is considerable interest in information technology for project management and cost saving and energy programmes Lim, The construction sector in Malaysia was affected by the economic crisis that shook East Asian countries and started in the United States of America.
The project spending curve in Malaysia continued to climb between and , except for and , where project spending fell from The success of the Turkish experience is attributed to the regulation of the construction sector under the Ministry of Works and Housing and the Ministry of Environment and Planning, under which the General Department of Construction and Construction sector is located.
Turkey has sought to motivate and support construction companies which have the following features:. The most important of which is the establishment of a company headed by the Deputy Minister of Works and housing to build , housing units to meet demand. However, since that company began construction five years ago, it has not been able to provide more than 80, housing units. The construction industry had a share of 6. The share of the overall real estate sector, including the construction activities and real estate business activities, increased from 8.
As of the end of , while the construction sector-to- GDP ratio was 5.
The British Construction Industry: An Introduction
Currently, the construction industry is the sixth largest economic sector based on its value added to GDP and employs 7. Eroi et al, Turkey suffers from problems of project delays in many sectors. One study has drawn up a range of problems that hinder the projects to be finished according to the constructed time. The study defined 34 problems to be investigated through filed study to determine the most influencing problems in construction projects.
The study indicated that the main problems facing the sector were; design adjustments and construction materials after the signing of the contract; delays in the disbursement of contractors' dues and cash flows. As a typology of problems, the study found that financial matters tended to delay projects, while environmental matters were the least of the concerns.
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY LAUNCHES LICENSING TASK FORCE
The study also found that administrative problems that delay the duration of project implementation are similar in developed and developing countries, while financial problems are predominant in developing countries Kazaz and Ulubeyli, These are problems which the Ministry has been working to prevent and reduce.
A study was made in cooperation with the Turkish Labour Authority on the labour force in Turkey World Bank, , it showed that sustainable development is the basis for creating jobs for citizens. Therefore, Turkey has adopted a structural blueprint for sustainable development and the improvement of the investment climate and investment in human resources as the foundations of sustainable development. Turkey has succeeded in implementing those policies and is now a global attraction for investments, which has achieved a large part of its sustainable development goals.
This shows that increasing worker productivity helps raise the wage and living standards. Turkey's labour market regulation policy has been marred by some, complications such as the admission of foreign labour and the reduction of fees on workers ' insurance. The World Bank's policy is that there should be a balance between employment creation and the protection of workers in the sector and that there should be a link between economic activities and a labour market with educational and training curricula.
The labour force in Turkey grew from 20 million workers in to approximately 43 million workers in According to the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, low wages in Turkey are the cause of the sluggish growth of construction sector employment. Construction, as it grew slowly from 0. Compounding the situation, the number of weekly working hours in Turkey is 52 hours, while in Europe it is about 40 hours SIS, An agreement between Turkey and Germany to allow immigration has helped the outflow of Turkish workers.
Since , Turkish employment in Germany, was in the form of hospitality workers.